As I See It………
by L. Berney
by L. Berney
THE UNITED NATIONS CHARTER states:
Chapter I - Purposes and Principles
The Purposes of the United Nations are:
To maintain international peace and security among nations, . . .
2. To develop friendly relations among nations . . .
3. To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems. . .
4. To be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations . . .
7. Nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state . . .
Chapter VII - Action with Respect to Threats to the Peace, Breaches of the Peace and Acts of Aggression
Should the Security Council consider that measures provided for in Article 41 (Economic measures) would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security. Such action may include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the United Nations.
1. All Members of the United Nations, in order to contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security, undertake to make available to the Security Council, on its call and in accordance with a special agreement or agreements, armed forces, assistance, and facilities, including rites of passage, necessary for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security.
UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Extracts from the Declaration on Rights and Duties of States
Every State has the right to independence and hence to exercise freely, without dictation by any other State, all its legal powers, including the choice of its own form of government.
Every State has the right to exercise jurisdiction over its territory and over all persons and things therein, subject to the immunities recognized by international law.
Every State has the duty to refrain from intervention in the internal or external affairs of any other State.
Every State has the duty to refrain from resorting to war as an instrument of national policy, and to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of another State, or in any other manner inconsistent with international law and order.
NEVERTHELESS, AND IN SPITE OF THE WORDING ABOVE, THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL ADOPTED RESOLUTION Nº 1973
Security Council Resolution Nº 1973 on the situation in Libya, is a measure that was adopted on 17 March 2011 based, it claims, on Chapter VII of the UN Charter (See Articles 42 and 43 above). The resolution was proposed by France, Lebanon, and the United Kingdom.
Ten Security Council members voted in the affirmative (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Colombia, Gabon, Lebanon, Nigeria, Portugal, South Africa, and permanent members France, the United Kingdom, and the United States). Five (Brazil, Germany, and India, and permanent members China and Russia) abstained, with none opposed.
The resolution demands "an immediate ceasefire" and authorizes the international community to establish a “no-fly zone” over Libya and to use “all means necessary” short of foreign occupation to protect civilians.
MY PERSONAL CONCLUSION
From the extracts quoted above, it is clear that the function of the United Nations is to deal with international problems between nations, not to intervene in problems of civil unrest and revolutions within nations.
It is apparent to me that under the provisions of the Charter. . .
- the State of Libya has NOT requested the U.N. to intervene.
- the State of Libya HAS THE RIGHT to exercise jurisdiction over its own territory
- the situation there IS essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of the State of Libya.
- it IS within the people of Libya’s right to choose their own form of government
- is NOT a threat to international peace and security among nations.
- does NOT give other states the right to intervene in the internal or external affairs of Libya.
- does NOT give the right of any state to threaten or to use force against Libya’s territorial integrity or political independence.
Resolution Nº 1973 contravenes the UN Charter.